9 Signs and Symptoms of Alzheimer’s Disease

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10 Signs and Symptoms of Alzheimer's Disease

We’ve all had those moments where we forget something that we know we know. We forget to lock the house, shut the garage door, turn off the coffee pot – we lead busy lives that can lead us to rush and forget to do the things we know we should do. Alzheimer’s disease and dementia goes beyond normal forgetfulness and disrupts daily life. Learn more about the 10 signs and symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease and what to do if you are experiencing them yourself or see them in someone you love.

The Importance of Early Detection for Alzheimer’s

Even though there is no cure or treatment for Alzheimer’s and related forms of dementia, it is important to receive an accurate diagnosis early in its progression. The Alzheimer’s Association estimates that as many as half of people living with Alzheimer’s have not been diagnosed.

Early Alzheimer’s detection has three main benefits:

  1. More access to medical services and treatment management options for symptoms.
  2. More opportunity to handle legal, financial, and future care plans while the person affected is still able to make these important decisions.
  3. Potentially reduce care costs by delaying placement in a care community by preparing to live independently or with a loved one for longer.

Additionally, early detection may make someone more likely to be able to participate in a clinical trial, potentially slowing the progression of the disease while also helping the medical community learn more about Alzheimer’s.

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9 Signs and Symptoms of Early Alzheimer’s Disease

In an effort to help people identify the early signs of Alzheimer’s that can lead to early detection, the Alzheimer’s Association has published the 10 signs and symptoms of early Alzheimer’s disease.

1. Memory Loss That Disrupts Normal Life

Memory loss associated with Alzheimer’s and related forms of dementia goes beyond mere forgetfulness and disrupts daily life. Examples of this include forgetting a phone number, address, important dates or events, or repeatedly asking for the same information.

2. Challenges in Problem-Solving or Making Plans

This often appears in the financial life of a senior where he or she has failed to plan to pay bills or has trouble managing bank accounts. Another example would be trouble following a recipe or having difficulty concentrating.

3. Difficulty Completing Familiar or Routine Tasks

Different from needing help with a remote control or a smartphone, early Alzheimer’s can cause a person to forget the route to work, rules to a favorite game, or other tasks they have done repeatedly.

4. Confusion with Time or Place

People with Alzheimer’s often forget where they are and how they got there, even losing track of distance, time, year, seasons, and passage of time.

5. Trouble Judging Distances and Understanding Visual Images.

New difficulty in remembering words and communicating. People with Alzheimer’s often have a hard time joining in a conversation, recalling familiar words, speaking, and writing. At times, he or she call an object something other than its name.

6. Misplacing Objects

Different than occasionally misplacing items, a person with Alzheimer’s will lose an object, put it in a strange place, and not be able to retrace his or her steps to find the object. This may lead to them accusing others of stealing items – a habit that tends to increase over time.

7. Exhibiting Poor Judgment

This can be seen in financial decisions, often giving large amounts of money to scams or cons, or not prioritizing hygiene and self-care. This is a consistently displayed behavior that becomes worse over time.

8. Increasing Isolation

Because of these symptoms, especially difficulty in communicating, someone with Alzheimer’s may tend to increasingly isolate themselves as symptoms worsen. They may forget how to do a beloved hobby or, as the disease progresses, forget names and places, leading them to draw more inward into isolation.

9. Personality Changes or Mood Changes

This can be an early indicator of Alzheimer’s that worsens as the disease progresses. As Alzheimer’s develops, the person affected is likely to become agitated, suspicious, confused, and depressed.

If you notice that your or a loved one are experiencing these symptoms, seek medical advice as soon as possible. It’s also important to understand the difference between Alzheimer’s and dementia. 

Have you seen these signs in a loved one that was ultimately diagnosed with Alzheimer’s? What other signs and symptoms were indicators of the disease? Share your experience with us in the comments below. so

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About the author

Alissa has been working in marketing and the senior living industry for over 8 years. With a B.S. in advertising from the University of Illinois, Alissa has worked all over the world as a freelance communications strategist and writer. Published in Forbes, Senior Finance Advisor, Alzheimers.net and on other leading senior care blogs, she leverages her working knowledge of the senior care industry with leading research and best practices to create engaging content benefitting seniors and their caregivers. In her free time, Alissa loves to travel, read, cook, and spend time with her family.

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